Successfully reducing the risk of disease with these measures – Heilpraxis

Thus reducing the risk of cancer

Experts now agree that a healthier lifestyle can significantly reduce the risk of developing cancer. There is no patent recipe for a cancer-free life, but the incidence of cancer could be significantly reduced with a few measures such as regular exercise, healthy diet, and health checkups.

In Germany, around half a million people are newly diagnosed with cancer every year. Experts assume that the numbers will increase significantly in the coming years. According to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), approximately 1.7 million people in Germany are living with cancer diagnosed in the past five years. In a recent publication, experts from the Comprehensive Cancer Center Munich (CCCM), the Bavarian Cancer Society and the Felix Burda Foundation provide information on effective ways to reduce the risk of cancer.

Prevent cancer with a healthy lifestyle

“The prevention and early detection of cancer can significantly reduce mortality. The prerequisite for this is the acceptance of prevention programs by the population,” explains Prof. Medical Dr. Hana Algül, director of CCC Munich at the Technical University of Munich.

“However, only about 67% of women (aged 20+) and about 40% of men (aged 35+) participate. That’s why we advise you: to take cancer prevention seriously and promote your health through a healthy lifestyle,” says the expert.

“A healthy lifestyle could prevent 40% of all cancers. Physical inactivity, obesity, poor diet, stimulants and UV protection are risk factors for cancer that can be influenced,” says Prof. Dr. Medical Renate Oberhoffer-Fritz, Dean and Professor at the Chair of Preventive Paediatrics, Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences of the Technical University of Munich. (See also: European Code Against Cancer).

Balanced diet

“However, the cancer-preventing effect of nutrition and individual foods should not be considered in isolation. It only comes into play when combined with exercise and a healthy lifestyle. Someone who eats well but who smokes and does not exercise still has an increased risk of cancer”, explains nutritionist Dr. Ré. biol. hum Nicole Erickson, health literacy and e-health coordinator at LMU Klinikum Munich.

The German Nutrition Society (DGE) recommends a balanced mixed diet: at least 400 g of vegetables and 250 g of fruit per day, whole grain products, and a maximum of 150 g of dairy products such as yoghurt and cheese per day. Fish once or twice a week, raw meat 300 to 600 g maximum per week, low in alcohol: 10 g per day (a small glass of wine) for women and 20 g per day (half a liter of beer) for men. men. Processed red meat is known to be carcinogenic, especially cured and smoked sausages.

Reduce the risk of cancer through exercise

“The effect of sport on cancer prevention can be explained using the example of colon cancer: we now know that the muscles send certain messenger substances through the blood to different organ systems. If the muscles are tense, eg. B. released certain muscle hormones in the intestine. If they penetrate the intestinal mucosa, they inhibit the development of intestinal polyps,” explains Prof. Dr. Medical Martin Halle, Medical Director and Full Professor and Polyclinic for Preventive and Rehabilitation Sports Medicine, Klinikum Rechts der Isar TU Munich.

As explained in the communication, sport also indirectly influences the mechanisms of sugar metabolism and insulin levels, and stimulates the immune system. Exercise also increases the number of natural killer cells which can kill cancer cells. “To promote immune competence, we should train at least 10 minutes harder each day and really sweat to activate the muscles,” says Professor Halle.

Early detection of gynecological cancers

Prevention and early detection of gynecological cancers are particularly important because approximately half of all cancers in women arise from gynecology. With approximately 70,000 new cases per year, breast cancer is the most common cancer in women.

“Breast cancer mortality rates have been falling steadily since the 1990s, with mammography detecting many tumors at an early stage. But the early establishment of certified cancer centers also contributes to the improvement of cancer care for women,” explains Prof. Medical Dr. Sven Mahner, director of the clinic and polyclinic for gynecology and obstetrics at the LMU Klinikum Munich.

Reportedly, the introduction of the PAP test in 1971 reduced the annual number of new cases of cervical cancer, the most common malignancy in young women, from 16,000 to 4,300 cases.

Colonoscopy: an effective preventive measure

Prevention of colorectal cancer is an effective precautionary measure with stool immunoassay and colonoscopy. “In the development of colon cancer, we know of benign precursors, called colon polyps. These can be removed during a colonoscopy. This prevents them from degenerating into cancer later,” says Dr. Berndt Birkner, specialist in gastroenterology, internist and curator of the Felix Burda Foundation and vice-president of the Network Against Colon Cancer eV.

However, many more insured persons should take advantage of the prevention and early detection measures offered by the health insurance funds in order to prevent colon cancer diseases as much as possible or to be able to detect them at an early and therefore curable stage. Participating in a stool immunoassay is an important first step in preventing colon cancer. If this is positive and there is blood in the stool, the cause must be definitively clarified by a colonoscopy by a gastrointestinal doctor.

For risk groups such as relatives of colorectal cancer patients – the family risk group – participation in colorectal cancer screening is even greater, since this risk group has a 4 to 8 times higher risk of developing colorectal cancer than the average population. (ad)

Author and source information

This text corresponds to the requirements of the specialized medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been verified by health professionals.


  • LMU Klinikum: Effective ways to reduce the risk of cancer, (Accessed: February 6, 2022), LMU Klinikum
  • Cancer Core Europe: European Code for the Fight Against Cancer, (consulted on: 06.02.2022), Cancer Core Europe

Important note:
This article contains general advice only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. It cannot substitute a visit to the doctor.


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