Preventing strokes: the Mediterranean diet reduces the risks

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Of: Timon Natalie Hull

A balanced Mediterranean diet can reduce arteriosclerosis and thus prevent stroke. What you need to pay attention to in your diet.

Our physical and mental health does not only depend on our constitution, but also to some extent on our eating habits. Even chronic diseases and inflammations such as diabetes, rheumatism, osteoarthritis and acne can be positively or negatively influenced by diet. If we eat in an unhealthy and unbalanced way, certain symptoms often worsen. The risk of cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks and strokes increases with the regular consumption of certain foods such as red meat – at the same time, there are foods that can clean the arteries and thus prevent a stroke.

Stroke: what causes it and how does it happen?

Eating vegetables every day can reduce the risk of stroke. (Iconic image) © Simona Piolla/Imago

There are two types of stroke: ischemic and hemorrhagic. Ischemic stroke occurs due to circulatory disorder or lack of blood, hemorrhagic stroke is caused by bleeding in the brain. In about 80% of cases, a lack of blood is the cause of the stroke, according to the portal management of cerebrovascular accidents called.

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The circulatory disorder is caused by a blocked vessel in the brain, which in many cases is due to hardening of the arteries, which is called arteriosclerosis. These are fatty deposits that cause thickening of the inner wall of more or less large arteries and narrowings (stenosis). There are five symptoms that you should know about a stroke.

You can greatly influence the risk and extent of arteriosclerosis yourself by addressing risk factors such as high blood pressure and diabetes, but also through your diet.

Prevent strokes: studies show that a Mediterranean diet protects

Various studies such as the study by the Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Navarre in Spain and a study by the Italian Society of Nutrition have shown that a so-called “Mediterranean diet” can prevent strokes. For this reason, internists and cardiologists as well as nutritionists recommend the Mediterranean diet for people at increased risk of stroke.

The basics of the Mediterranean diet are:

  • Daily: vegetables, fruits, whole grains, legumes, olive oil
  • Every few days only: dairy products, eggs, wine
  • No more than once or twice a week: fish, poultry
  • Rarely: red meat

It is not only the individual foods that are important, but also the associated nutritional principle: Mediterranean cuisine is considered fresh, regional and seasonal as well as varied and healthy. Spaniards, Greeks and Italians lead the Germans and are among the healthiest people in Europe.

This article only contains general information on the respective health topic and is therefore not intended for self-diagnosis, treatment or medication. It does not replace a visit to the doctor. Unfortunately, our editors are not authorized to answer individual questions about clinical images.

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