Nine Factors for Healthy Aging – Healing Practice

What are the factors of optimal ageing?

Under what conditions can old age the best Health pleasure? This was the central theme of a Canadian study that identified nine factors that contribute significantly to people’s stay healthy for a long time and less likely to have cognitive, physical or emotional problems.

researchers of University of Toronto used more than 7,000 middle-aged and older subjects to determine the factors that keep people healthy and mentally and physically fit into old age. In the “International Journal of Environmental Research”, the team now puts nine factors for a optimal aging before.

What factors influence healthy aging?

The Canadian team observed the study participants for three years. Scientists compared lifestyle and diagnosed diseases with people’s general health status, including psychological aspects and level of satisfaction.

The following crystallized nine aspects this is particularly clear with a healthy aging and an great satisfaction with life associated with advanced age:

  • female,
  • married,
  • physically active,
  • not obese,
  • never smoked,
  • higher income,
  • healthy sleep,
  • no heart disease,
  • no osteoarthritis.

Optimal conditions for a healthy life

A married non-smoker who exercises enough, is not overweight, has a higher income, gets enough sleep, and does not suffer from cardiovascular disease or arthritis has the best conditions for a long, healthy, happy life. .

The more these factors are applied to a person, the greater the likelihood that a person sound health and one high level of satisfaction Model. At the same time, the aspects are associated with a low risk of cognitive, physical, or emotional problems.

avoid obesity

One of the most influential factors, besides smoking, was that weight. Normal-weight older people had a um compared to their obese peers 24 percent more likely to stay healthy in old age.

“Our findings are consistent with other studies that have shown that obesity is linked to a range of physical symptoms and cognitive problems, and that physical activity also plays a key role in optimal aging.”like that Professor David Burnes of the research team.

“These findings underscore the importance of maintaining an appropriate weight and being active throughout life”Burnes points out.

Income influences aging

This Income of a person was also an important factor in aging. Among participants living below the poverty line, only one in two reached old age in good health. In contrast, among people who were not considered poor, three out of four Healthy elderly people.

Scientists suspect that insufficient income causes more stress and also a balanced diet restricted.


Older adults who have never smoked or who have successfully quit smoking were up to 46 percent higher than in smokers. Anyone who values ​​healthy aging should quit smoking.

This can improve lung function and quality of life while reducing the risk of heart disease, cancer, and COPD. Researchers point out that it’s never too late to quit smoking.

Physical activity

Older adults who were regularly physically active had about a 10% change in exercise intensity compared to their sedentary peers 35 to 45 percent more likely to age in good health.

Sleep problems affect aging

Also a healthy sleep is an important factor for healthy aging according to the study. Those who called their sleep restorative had one 29 percent more likely to be healthy in old age than people who complain of insomnia or trouble sleeping.

“Sleep problems affect cognitive, mental and physical health”stress Esme Fuller-Thomson of the working group. According to her, insomnia can be alleviated by cognitive-behavioral therapy, for example. (vb)

Author and source information

This text corresponds to the requirements of the specialized medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been verified by health professionals.


Graduate editor (FH) Volker Blasek


  • Mabel Ho, Eleanor Pullenayegum, David Burnes et al. : Aging Successfully Among Immigrants and Canadian-born Older Adults: Findings from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA); in: International Journal of Environmental Research (2022),
  • University of Toronto: Researchers Discover Factors Linked to Optimal Aging (Published: 12/13/2022),

Important Note:
This article contains general advice only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. It cannot substitute a visit to the doctor.


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