Liver damage and disease can develop as a result of certain lifestyle habits, such as a poor diet. Avoid certain factors.
“What kind of louse sank into your liver?” Some people may be familiar with this saying. This idiom is based on the idea, widespread in the Middle Ages, that the human liver was the seat of passion, mood and anger. The wording with the louse was added much later, as a symbol of an alleged trifle that annoys someone.
Life without liver is not possible. Fortunately, the liver is very forgiving, as it is the only organ that can regenerate – only 30% functioning liver is sufficient for survival. But what if the liver gets sick? And what do high liver values have to do with it?
Diseased liver: what does “high liver values” mean?
Today we know that the liver is a versatile talent necessary for survival: this gland is the powerhouse of the human body, it is both a storage and excretion organ as well as a detoxification center. With about two kilograms, the liver is the largest internal organ and carries out up to 500 work steps per day – without interruption.
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To determine liver values, a doctor must draw blood and have it analyzed in a laboratory. Altered values, which are high or too low, may indicate damaged liver cells. The so-called AST, ALT, gamma-GT, AP, bilirubin values are increased in abnormalities. While albumin, ChE and TPZ levels may be too low.
It is not uncommon for liver values to deviate from time to time. Changed liver values should be observed in the medium and long term by means of a blood test, as they can also be linked to life circumstances that cause illness. It’s important to look at multiple values that have changed – a single value isn’t significant enough. Altered liver values can also occur in other diseases that are not directly related to the liver.
Fatty liver and poor diet: causes of high liver values
Common causes of altered liver values can be:
- Alcohol, drugs and other pollutants
- Pathogens such as viruses or bacteria
- Long-term high-fat diet
- bile duct disease and gallstones
- hepatic steatosis and fatty liver inflammation
- liver cirrhosis
Fatty liver: what are the signs of liver damage?
In the case of liver damage, the physical signs are usually very non-specific, which is why a possible disease can go unnoticed for a long time. The liver has no nerve cells, so it does not cause pain.
Non-specific symptoms of liver damage include exhaustion, fatigue, or a feeling of pressure in the upper right part of the abdomen. For example, itchy skin and vomiting often occur very late. There are four warning signs that can indicate a diseased liver.
Prevent fatty liver disease: five tips against high liver values
In order to prevent liver disease and liver damage, a healthy lifestyle with a balanced, low-fat diet makes sense. Sugar and alcohol in particular can have a negative effect on the liver. It is well known that an unhealthy lifestyle can damage the liver*.
Plus, you can boost your health and benefit your liver with these daily tips:
- Balanced diet: A diet low in alcohol, fat and sugar relieves the liver.
- Exercise regularly: Experts recommend being physically active for about 3 hours per week. Walking or cycling more often isn’t just good for the body, it’s also more sustainable than traveling by car.
- Reduce possible obesity: It is better to do without starvation diets and zero diets, the liver has to compensate too much.
- Often “detoxifying” the liver with cures, it works (almost) miracles
- Prevent viral diseases that damage the liver: There are effective vaccines against hepatitis A and hepatitis B viruses.
Studies show that a diseased liver can also be caused by a corona infection, whether the disease is severe or mild. Liver damage is also seen as a result of Long-Covid, which can be treated with heparins. Studies are still in progress.
This article only contains general information on the respective health topic and is therefore not intended for self-diagnosis, treatment or medication. It does not replace a visit to the doctor. Unfortunately, our editors are not authorized to answer individual questions about clinical images.