Stressful work, diet or boring illness: many people just eat too little. But just like too much food not good for them Health is, it also does huge damage if you too few eat.
About our food We take energy our body needs to function. If the body lacks this energy, it cannot only be a short-term problem. drop in performance lead – in the long term it can even lead to serious illnesses. Whether muscles, hormones Where Hair: A malnutrition manifests itself in several ways.
What is really too little when eating?
how much to eat, the amount of energy a body needs varies from person to person. It depends age, gender, heightbut also the physical condition.
At daily energy needs To determine this, a distinction is made between basal metabolism and performance metabolism. The basal metabolic rate is what the body needs to be at complete rest life support functions How? ‘Or’ What breathing, Heartbeat and digestion Maintain. In terms of performance, there is also the energy requirement resulting from daily activities.
When it comes to eating, we talk about “too little” when we consume fewer calories than the basal metabolic rate specifies.
Malnutrition Has These Scary Consequences
As already mentioned, we assign malnutrition very many different areas of the body and can – especially if it lasts longer – even have dramatic health consequences. This is what happens when you eat too little:
1. Drop in blood sugar
Most people have probably already noticed this phenomenon, because it happens after only a few hours: If you haven’t eaten for a while, your blood sugar level drops significantly. We feel restless and tirednesshave concentration problems and are irritated. Too low blood sugar often manifests as a tremors Where vertigo.
If you eat little throughout the day, you will have it at the latest in the evening cravings. It is the body’s response to the lack of energy supply: it demands foods that are high in calories and often quite unhealthy. And as quickly as possible.
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3. Weight Gain
Not only can food cravings cause you to gain weight even if you eat too little. There is also another reason: the body stores due to high levels of cortisol the water – and appears bloated accordingly.
4. Sleep Disorders
Sleep can also get worse if you eat too little. If you go to bed hungry, the hormone ghrelin puts your body on alert. problems falling or staying asleep are the consequence.
5. Muscle breakdown
Muscles consume a lot of energy. If the body lacks energy, it draws it from muscles and breaks them down. It can also reduce basal metabolic rate – you burn fewer calories and you get weaker. If you eat normally again later, the well-known “yo-yo effect” can occur because the body uses less energy than before.
6. Hormonal Disorders
Especially in women, it can hormonal balance become extremely unbalanced if they eat too little. That’s how she can Menstruation absent because the hormone estrogen is absent. Also Bone can be attacked and brittle will be. In extreme cases, it may osteoporosis be the result.
7. Nutrient deficiency
If the body receives too little food, it is logically lacking in nutrients. This can lead to a whole host of health issues: fatigueexhaustion, headache and even hair loss may be the result.
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